As a result of the city's post-industrial decline, the population fell to just under , in Most of the new inhabitants came from Eastern Europe, but immigrants also came from France , Ireland , and the United Kingdom. Since 9 May , the fences disappeared and the Phoenix See has been completed. The Westenhellweg is a popular shopping destination and with nearly 13, visitors per hour it was Germany's most frequented shopping street in Borussia Dortmund earned its place among the first sixteen clubs to play in the new league by winning the last pre-Bundesliga national championship.
Die Urbare vom 9. After , the city appeared in writing as Dorpmunde. Cash flush, Dortmund was able to sign players who later brought them numerous honours in the s.
For public transportation, the city has an extensive Stadtbahn and bus system. Archived from the original on 3 March The Allied ground advance into Germany reached Dortmund in April The museum is located in an old prison and had a reputation as Die Hölle von Westdeutschland The hell of western Germany.
During the month before Christmas , the extended pedestrian-only zone is host to Dortmund Christmas Market , one of the largest and oldest Christmas markets in Germany. Verden until Warburg? Dortmund is situated in the temperate climate zone. An Encyclopedic Reference to U. The football team is part of a large membership-based sports club with more than , members,  making BVB the second largest sports club by membership in Germany. But in , Dortmund was selected to replace the city of Cologne , which was forced to withdraw its plans to host games in the World Cup.
Dortmund went out 2—0 on aggregate. The Kreuzviertel is characterised by old buildings, the majority of which come from the turn of the 20th century to The situation was compounded by failure to advance in the —04 UEFA Champions League , when the team was eliminated on penalties in the qualifying rounds by Club Brugge. Precipitation evenly falls throughout the year; steady rain with some snow , prevails in the wintertime, isolated showers dominate the summer season.
One year later, Borussia defeated Hamburger SV 4—1 to win their second national title. Free imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire. On the grounds, there are five grass pitches , two of which have under-soil heating , one artificial grass field , two small grass pitches and a multi-functional sports arena. The Jewish community has a history dating back to Medieval times and has always ranked among the largest in Westphalia. The WR is published by Germany's third largest newspaper and magazine publisher Funke Mediengruppe '. Retrieved 11 November
A local broadcasting station called Radio The Steinwache is a memorial museum of the exhibition Widerstand und Verfolgung in Dortmund — Resistance and Persecution in Dortmund , which demonstrates the persecution under National Socialism with many photographs, short texts and sometimes with reports from contemporary witnesses. Hörde Bahnhof — second biggest in Dortmund. Former members of the G —
The closest intercontinental airport is Düsseldorf Airport. The Westfalenstadion is the home stadium of Borussia Dortmund, Germany's largest stadium and the seventh-largest in Europe. The simple but successful postwar rebuilding has resulted in a very mixed and unique cityscape. Retrieved 11 November He has had to work with changing majorities in the local council.
Originally Hörde was a separate town until and was founded by the Counts of Mark in opposition to their principal enemy, the town of Dortmund. The northern part of Dortmund called Nordstadt, situated in a territory of Retrieved 30 August Retrieved 1 May Retrieved 9 August Retrieved 28 July
The majority of tourists are domestic visitors, coming from Germany. Retrieved 23 July Verden until Warburg?
Clubs concentrate in and around the city centre Wallring and in the Kreuzviertel district. The first all-German Champions League final. Christoph Metzelder also left Borussia Dortmund on a free transfer. For the first time the Turkish electronic scene was represented by its own float, called Turkish Delights . The stadium is currently the largest football stadium in Germany with a capacity of 80, spectators, and hosted several matches in the World Cup , including a semi-final.
Retrieved 31 August Archived from the original on 19 July Nearly half the municipal territory consists of waterways, woodland, agriculture and green spaces with spacious parks such as Westfalenpark and Rombergpark.